Last edited by Arashilabar
Sunday, May 17, 2020 | History

2 edition of Polyurethane thermoplastic elastomers with a modulus independent of temperature. found in the catalog.

Polyurethane thermoplastic elastomers with a modulus independent of temperature.

M S. Marashi

Polyurethane thermoplastic elastomers with a modulus independent of temperature.

by M S. Marashi

  • 291 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published in Bradford .
Written in English


Edition Notes

M.Sc. dissertation. Typescript.

SeriesDissertations
The Physical Object
Pagination59p.
Number of Pages59
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19975442M

If the storage modulus drops substantially into the region of the glass transition temperature and then remains at a more or less high level up to final softening, it is an elastomer, crosslinked to varying degrees, or a thermoplastic elastomer (e.g., thermoplastic polyurethane), depending on whether the final softening involves melting without. Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) is a melt-processable thermoplastic elastomer with high durability and flexibility. TPU provides a large number of physical and chemical property combinations for the most demanding applications such as automotive, wires and cables, breathable films for leisure, sports and textile coatings, weatherable, non-yellowing films etc.

YNTEGRA* polyurethane dispersions are high solids dispersions of polyurethane/polyurea polymers in water. They provide the performance of a polyurethane and the convenience of a waterborne latex. Polyurethane polymers have traditionally exhibited high toughness and versatility in coating, adhesive, sealant and elastomer (CASE) applications. Polyurethane Additives • Plasticizers – Ester or Ether – Benzoflex® SG, Santicizer® – Ester – DBP – Ether – DOP, DOA – Used to lower elastomer hardness – Typically lower mechanical properties by the percentage used. • Degassing agents – Used to prevent severe foaming during the degassing step. – X-AirFile Size: KB.

Thermoplastic elastomers (TPE), sometimes referred to as thermoplastic rubbers, are a class of copolymers or a physical mix of polymers (usually a plastic and a rubber) that consist of materials with both thermoplastic and elastomeric properties. While most elastomers are thermosets, thermoplastics are in contrast relatively easy to use in manufacturing, for example, by injection molding. Thermoplastic urethane is a polymer. TPUs can have various combinations of flexible and rigid segments. This allows TPUs to range from soft and flexible elastomers to rigid plastics. TPU is generally more durable than thermosetting urethane. Thermoplastic urethane can be melted and reformed. It is elastic and flexible, making it a versatile.


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Polyurethane thermoplastic elastomers with a modulus independent of temperature by M S. Marashi Download PDF EPUB FB2

Since the Young’s modulus of PDMS increases with an increased temperature, the elastomer in the valve will become stiffer at an elevated temperature. In contrast, the Young’s modulus of PU decreases with an increased temperature as discussed later (Figure 6a), thus the elastomer in the valve will become more elastic when it is thermally Cited by: Elastollan® is the brand name for thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) from BASF.

It stands for maximum reliability, consistent product quality and cost efficiency. Elastollan® can be extruded into hoses, cable sheathing, belts, films and profiles, and can also be processed using blow molding and injection molding technologies.

Over the. Thermoplastic Elastomers are generally low modulus, flexible materials that can be stretched repeatedly to at least twice their original length at room temperature with an ability to return to their approximate original length when stress is released.

Thermoplastic urethane elastomers have become well-established commercial materials since their inception in the BF Goodrich research laboratories in the s by Schollenberger et al. Thermoplastic urethane elastomers are at the same time thermoplastic and highly elastic rubbers.

They consist of essentially linear primary polymer : C. Hepburn, C. Hepburn. Synthesis of TPU. TPU was solution polymerized in DMF by the prepolymer method7.

In brief, PTMG (M, = ) was reacted with MDI for 30 min at room temperature and then for min at 60 to prepare a prepolymer with terminal NCO groups. The prepolymer was subsequently chain extended with BD for 30 min at room temperature and then for h at Cited by: 1. Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU) Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU) Elastollan®– Product Range.

Elastollan®. Elastollan®is the brand name for thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) from BASF. It stands for maximum reliability, consistent product quality and cost efficiency.

Elastollan®can be extruded into hoses, cable sheathing, belts, films and profiles, and can. Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) is a rubber like material with outstanding properties, e.g.

for seal applications. TPU basically provides high strength, low frictional behavior and excellent wear Author: Jiri Drobny. Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU) Shore hardness Heating zone temperature Nozzle temperature 60 A–80 A – – 85 A–95 A – – 98 A–74 D – – Table 3 Recommended melt temperatures in °C.

The copolymers with crystallised structures were transparent, had a low glass transition temperature of the polyether phase and a modulus that was independent of temperature between Tg and Tm. tic elastomers are novel constructional polymers, which are physically cross linked materials made up of a thermoplastic and an elastomer.

TPE have been the interest of numerous re-searchers world wide since last three decades. Thermoplastic elastomers have a very wide-spread application by: With PTMO-based soft segments, previously known to yield nanophase-separated PHUs with broad interphase, use of DDA chain extender produces nanophase-separated PHUs with sharp domain interphase, leading to wide, relatively temperature-independent rubbery plateau regions and much improved thermal properties with flow temperature as high as ° by:   Thermoplastic.

Advantages: Good energy absorption. Best low temperature characteristics and elongation at break of the PU TPE (70A - 95A). Disadvantages: Lowest hardness, tensile strength, flexural modulus and PU TPE (70A - 95A).

Typical Properties. Thermoplastic elastomers has a place within a class of copolymers or a physical blend of polymers (typically plastic and elastic) which are comprised of the materials with both elastomeric and thermoplastic properties, that is the reason they are otherwise called thermoplastic rubbers.

"Provides the latest authoritative research on the developments, technology, and applications of rubbery materials. Presents structures, manufacturing techniques, and processing details for natural and synthetic rubbers, rubber-blends, rubber composites, and thermoplastic elastomers.

80% revised and rewritten material covers major advances since publication of the previous edition."5/5(1). Currently, raw material suppliers are the sole providers of polyurethane processing information. In most cases, they give instruction only on how to mix products and do not always include an explanation of the accompanying logic as to why these recommendations are being made.

Castable Polyurethane Elastomers explains the production proces. What is a Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE). TPE’s are low modulus, flexible materials that can repeatedly be stretched at room temperature and return to their approximate original size when stress is released.

TPE’s are quite versatile and are used in most market segments, including automotive/truck, agriculture, consumer goods, electrical/telecommunications, firearms, medical/pharmaceutical. Material Preparation and Molecular Structure. Polyurethane elastomer (a group of segmented copolymers) is a kind of soft polymer with linear molecular chain structure [].The main molecular chains are formed by the urethane groups attached to the aliphatic or aromatic structures with a random distribution [18,19].The structure of the aliphatic, aromatic, and/or ester ring group is in an Cited by: 1.

It results in TPU's with better mechanical and thermal properties than 1, 4 butane diol. Furthermore it improves the resilience as well as the moisture resistance of the elastomers.-Cyclodecane diol. It results in elastomers which are soft (Shore A 60), and have lower compressive strengths & hardness, but have a high softening temperature.

Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE) All Solutions TPE’s are low modulus flexible materials that can be stretched repeatedly at room temperature and return to their approximate original size.

Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers in Interpenetrating Polymer Networks. Grigoryeva. Book Editor(s): Prof. Stoyko Fakirov. Sofia University, Laboratory on Structure and Properties of Polymers, 1 James Bourchier Ave, Sofia, Bulgaria; Fax: + 2 Polyurethane elastomer‐based thermoplastic apparent Cited by: 7.

What is Elastomer? An elastomer is a polymer with the property of elasticity. In other words, it is a polymer that deforms under stress and returns to its original shape when the stress is removed. The term is a contraction of the words “elastic polymer.”.NOVEL HIGH PERFORMANCE POLYETHER BASED POLYURETHANE ELASTOMERS FOR DYNAMIC APPLICATIONS Subodh Jagtap 1, Rui Xie, Andrew Davies 2, Ian Mycock, Gareth Roberts 2, Andrew Gilbert, Rajat Duggal1 1Polyurethane R&D, The Dow Chemical Company, Freeport, TXUS 2Polyurethane TS&D, The Dow Hyperlast Ltd., Birch Vale, EN SK22 1BR, UK ABSTRACT High performance polyurethane elastomers .performance elastomers.

However, PTMEG polyols with molecular weight greater than are solid at room temperature, making them difficult to handle. Because of that, they are not suitable for applications that require low viscosity at the processing temperature, such as coatings.